shut out
I don't know how this happened. I've become locked out of my blog. I changed the title a bit and now I cannot find how to open the blog again to make some changes. this tools part is the only entrance and I am trying to widen it. Ric.

Monday, 26 August 2013******************************************************************************************* There is a continuity in how Australian convicts, slaves and the poorest classes in Britain were treated and immoral events of recent wars for political objectives and corporate profits. For many unfortunate victims, things have not gotten better. Ric
Semang woman.Cave drawings of closely allied people the Semangs of Malaysia to Australian Aborigines.Australian Aboriginal prisoners ( virtually a slave people)...
"Living off the land" is something all Aborigines were comfortable with. They knew the land well and the habits of the animals they hunted. They used insects as food, medicine, and part of their cultural beliefs. They talked about insects in myths, legends, and fables. Many fables often had morals and were helpful in explaining their physical surroundings.
The myths and legends the Aborigines shared about creation were known as Dreamtime. These stories sometimes talked about monsters, some real and some maybe not. Since records were not kept by the Aborigines, they passed knowledge and traditions orally from one generation to the next. Because oral traditions tend to change and become distorted over the years, many believe that some of these animals talked about may still have been living in Australia some two to three hundred years ago.
Later, when the English arrived in Australia, they caused violent disruption to the lives of the Aborigines. Europeans were known to mistreat the Aborigine people to acquire the land they wanted. They would often poison main watering holes and give the Aborigines flour and bran mixed with strychnine and arsenic. Aborigines fished with either spears or by scooping fish into nets or fish traps. Canoes were used by the Aborigines for travel between islands and the mainland. Canoes were made from bark tied together with sapling strips. After the canoes were woven together with kangaroo sinews, they were made watertight with gum and resin. Canoe trees can still be seen on some tours and are recognized because the shape of a canoe is seen missing from the skin of the trunk. In conclusion, Australian Aboriginal heritage is rapidly being lost.

The massacre

A party of twelve men, consisting of eleven convict settlers and one free man, John Fleming, arrived at a hut on Henry Dangar's Myall Creek station on 10 June. They told the station hand there, George Anderson, that they intended to round up any Aboriginal people they could find. They claimed to be acting in retaliation for the theft of cattle, although they did not attempt to identify any individuals who were responsible for the theft. The men gathered up twenty-eight people, mostly women and children, out of a group of forty or fifty Aboriginal people who were camping in the area. They were taken behind a hill, away from the hut. The shepherd later heard shots. The twenty-eight had all been killed, and some of the young women had been raped.[citation needed] Later, on 11 June, after Fleming and his men could not find any more Aboriginal people, they collected the bodies together and burned them.[citation needed] When the manager of the station, a Mr Hobbs, returned several days later and discovered
the bodies, he decided to report the incident, travelling 250 miles across the
Liverpool Plains
to Muswellbrook. The magistrate there, Captain Edward Day, reported the
incident to the Colonial SecretaryEdward Thomson, who then reported it to the
Governor of New South WalesGeorge Gipps.[citation needed]
Gipps did not immediately make a decision, but by July, after being urged
to do so by the Attorney-General John Plunkett, he ordered Day to take
a group of mounted police to investigate. On investigating the site where
the Aboriginal people were said to have been killed, Day found many charred bones,
with pieces of at least twenty different skulls, and other identifiable
skeletal remains in numbers enough for Day to conclude that at least twenty-eight
people had been killed there.[1]

Typical Events at a cattle Station in the Outback. .....Charles Cowle was the superintendent from 1895 to 1903. He advocated the arrest of aboriginal people who were perceived as troublemakers, rather than the shooting of them on sight (the latter policy being commonplace in the region at the time). Aboriginal offenders were brought in to the station in neck chains and sometimes they were beaten as well. Aboriginal attacks on pastoralists became less frequent over time, as the police officers rounded up more and more people, and population numbers dropped with deaths from introduced diseases such as measles and whooping cough. The station continued to operate until 1912 as a general arm of government in the region and as a point for the distribution of rations to aboriginal people. Aboriginal culture, as well as being threatened by the impact of disease and the disintegration of social life resulting from police raids and loss of land to pastoralists, was also under attack.

Senior Kimberley artist Jack Dale provides an artistic snapshot of life in the West Kimberley since the 1920 s. Jack paints his memories of working bullock teams, Afghan camel traders, life in the stock camps, Aboriginal incarceration, and most of all his detailed knowledge of Ngarinyin Dreaming sites of the Wandjina spirit. We are pleased to announce that Jack will be attending the opening of this seminal exhibition
(above) native corroborree. JACK DALE was born in the bush at Mt House Station, in the west Kimberley around1920. His early life was marked by the experience of conflict between differentcultures.Jack's Aboriginal mother, a Ngarinyin woman, tried to keep her son from his violent white father. Jack Dale Senior was a wild Scotsman renowned for his harsh uncompromising character, who once shot his own son in the leg to stop him from running aOn the death of his father, Jack returned to his maternal family and was brought into
traditional Ngarinyin Law by his maternal grandfather. His traditional country is Imanji near Mt House Station. Jack went on to lead a remarkable life that bridged both cultures. He was a highly regarded head stockman and bushman, as well as a respected tribal Elder and Lawman. Jack began painting in the 1990's, working with traditional ochre pigments. He has made large ceremonial boards used by traditional dancers to re-enact Dreaming stories. has used his extensive cultural knowledge to record aspects of the Wandjina Dreaming sites of his people. He has also recorded his own memories from a long life lived at the frontier of Kimberley life, recalling the historical changes he had witnessed. These have included the arrival of afghan camel drivers, the enforced captivitaboriginal workers, the conflicts between whites and blacks, the work of missionaries, and other sometimes humorous memories from life in the stock camps. Jack Dale is assisted in his work by his wife, artist Biddy Dale, and other close members of his family including his daughter Edna Dale. Today Jack spends his time between the Kimberley town of Derby and the community at Imanji on his traditional lands. Jack describes parts of his early life as follows: "My father worked for a man called Scotty Saddler, he came from ScotlandAll my family worked for this man. My father Jack Dale and Scotty kill plenty of Aborigines 'cleared them out' for the cattle, when it was clear they the land. We saw plenty of men walking along the bush road to Derby; they weall chained up "poor bugga's". The boss man who took them to Derby and then to Fremantle. I was just a kid hiding in the long grass watching. They were tied outside and inside the prison tree, never took the chains off. Poor old blackfellow didn't know what he was being killed for. My mother told me about my father shooting people, my father would not tell me. He shot me in the leg one time and always tied me up to a tree with a dog chain in the hot sun. I thought he was going to kill me, I was always frightened. I tried many times to run away to my mother and grandmother's country in the bush. He was always drunk. Him and his mates, grog and the hot sun made their minds crazMy mother was working at Napier Downs, Alex Thompson was the boss, a good man. He helped me grow up Mount House, everywhere. Later my dad found me and took me home and put a chain around my leg so I could not run away again. My mother told me stories about the blackfellas making the roads, lifting rocks. If they complained they were too heavy the boss men would knock them down with axes, anything. They used to be a mob of donkeys more than 50.Later we all camped in Saddlers Spring. All the mail used to come from Mount House. The mailman used to drink a lot, falling off his horse all the time. My father died at Mount House, killed himself on grog. After he died my Grandmother took me bush. They grew me up at Lady Forest Ranges, King Leopold. I was a real bushman, no clothes on, we had a hair belt cover. We ate kangaroo, yam, and goanna. We didn't leave the ranges, too frightened of the police. My grandfather saw plenty of shootings and we were all scared. I was there a long time. I was just about black with sunburn. Alex Thompson went looking for me; he wanted to send me away to Queensland for school. They found me in a bush camp on a hill; I was wild, growing up in the bush. I then worked as a Jackaroo at Mount House. Archie Blythe was a really good boss, he never gave me a hiding. We collected fowl eggs and he would give us cakes, sweet ones. When he left we pinched the eggs back and took then back to him for more cake. Doug Blythe took over Mount House, but he's in Perth now, with a walking stick poor fellow. That's why I know every Wandjina my grandfather showed me, you can only put your Wandjina's in paintings nobody else's that all.
illustrations by Ric (using adobe 7 photoshop)  
history facts
When: Aborigines were murdered and evicted from their own lands from 1788 - 1900 & are still victimised Where: Throughout Australia, in Tasmania the tribe was wiped out
A 'Land Without People' Children were taken from their parents and enslaved to work for one twentieth the "white" wage on sheep and cattle stations (ranches in pitiful conditions) the girls as domestic drudges. Despite the presence of native inhabitants, Australia in 1788 was declared void by the British First Fleet of any pre- existing civilisation under the doctrine of terra nullius - essentially, a land without people. Without recognisable systems of ruler and ruled, of religious ceremony or worship, of permanent settlement, ownership and organised trade, the land was deemed to be empty. The devastating effects of this assumption are still felt today. It has meant that the land to which the Aboriginal people are bound by intricate webs of totemism (clans who believe in totems - revered natural objects) has beencleared and developed, its natural resources depleted and its spiritual significance disregarded. Though having no notions of private property in the European sense, the native Australians were in fact fiercely territorial, dependent upon their ancestral land for both physical and psychic survival. The basis of this intensely spiritual relationship with the land -The Dreaming or Dreamtime - is a rich and complex pattern of belief, interwoven with accounts of the ancestral beings who created the world and its inhabitant and who ensure the protection and continuity of Aboriginal life. This elaboratemosaic of faith did not find expression in idolatry or purpose-built places of worship, but in song, dance, art and speech. The Australian natives carried notion of the sacred within them, and imbued the landscape with it in a powerful mutual relationship. The significance of ancestral land could not simply be picked up like a picnic blanket and spread out on some other piece of ground - the land did not belong to them, but their intense attachment to it stemmed from the fact that they belonged to and were dependent upon it. Victims of Colonialism Dispossessed of this land, lacking immunity to foreign diseases such as small pox, tuberculosis and influenza whilst their food sources were destroyed or diminished by exotic animals and European farming methods, the Aboriginal
people became more dependent on the white settlers for their existence. Forced to eat unaccustomed foods high in sugar and starches, they fell prey to malnutrition, obesity and diabetes, heightened by the ravaging effects of rum. As the young colony grew, Aborigines were reviled, harassed and murdered - both by bitter convicts, seeking an outlet for their frustration and by settlers in the grab for land on which to make their farming fortunes. Active resistance was met with punitive raids and massacres - the worst recorded taking place in 1838, during which 300 Aborigines were killed over the course of 3 days. The killings continued well into the 20th century and it is estimated that in the 150 years after settlement, the population of Australian natives was reduced from approximately 300,000 to about 75,000. In Tasmania, full-blooded Aborigines were wiped out altogether. Fate of the Stolen Generation Based on these figures and on notions of Darwinism, it was assumed that the Aboriginal population was dying out. 'Protection' policies for the survivors in the early 1900s amounted to segregation and restrictions on freedom. Since it was believed that the full-blooded race would soon disappear anyway, the government focussed on breeding out Aboriginal culture. "Assimilation", as the policy was called, sanctioned the forcible removal of non full-blood children from their families. These children were placed in institutions where they were expected to learn European values, integrate into white culture, breed with other "half-castes" or whites and ultimately eliminate the Aboriginal blood line. These measures were attempts at genocide.

External links


  1. ^
  2. hreoc/stolen/
  3. stolen68.html Listing and interpretation of state acts regarding 'aborigines'.
  4. a b "Bringing them Home: Report of the National Inquiry into the
  5. Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from
  6. Their Families"
  7. ^ A Lost Heritage: Canada's Residential Schools Canadian Broadcasting
  8. Corporation archive
  9. ^
  10. hreoc/stolen/
  11. stolen18.html
  12. ^
  13. hreoc/stolen/
  14. ^
  15. hreoc/stolen/
  16. stolen18.html
  17. ^
  18. hreoc/stolen/
  19. stolen04.html
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. Apr6.html
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. 2000Jul17.html
  26. ^
  27. ^ Confidential submission 133, Victoria
  28. ^ Confidential submission 133, Victoria
  29. ^ Confidential evidence 305, South Australia]
  30. ^

Palm Island, Queensland

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Palm Island Queensland
 Palm Island, North Queensland
Population:2,086 (2001 census)
Time zone:UTC+10 (UTC)
State District:Townsville
Federal Division:Herbert
Palm Island (also known as Great Palm Island, or by Aboriginal name Bukaman [2]) is an island and community 65 km north-west of Townsville, on the east coast of QueenslandAustralia. At 64 km², Palm Island is the main island of the Greater Palm group, and consists of small bays, sandy beaches and steep forested hills rising to a peakof 548 metres.[3] Neighbouring islands outside the Palm group include Rattlesnake Islandand Magnetic Island. Palm Island is often termed a classic "tropical paradi given its endowmentit has had a troubled history since the European settlement of Australia.[4] For much ofthe twentieth century it was used by the Queensland Government as a virtual penalsettlement for Aboriginals considered guilty of such infractions as being "disruptive" being pregnant to a white man or being born with "mixed blood".[5]
Remember Aussie myths and legends? Phar Lap and the Melbourne Cup? And what year did Old Roley win? Melbourne Cup - 1930 * Melbourne Cup It's another record-breaking win when Phar Lap beat Second Wind and Shadow King in the Melbourne Cup of 1930. Melbourne Cup Winners. The Man from Snowy River by "Banjo" Patterson. There was movement at the station for the word had got around, that the colt from old Regret had got away, And had joined the wild bush horses -- he was worth a thousand pound, So all the cracks had gathered to the fray.
    All the tried and noted riders from the stations near and far Had mustered at the homestead overnight, For the bushmen love hard riding where the wild bush horses are, And the stock-horse snuffs the battle with delight.There was Harrison, who made his pile when Pardon won the cup, The old man with his hair as white as snow; But few could ride beside him when his blood was fairly up -- He would go wherever horse and man could go. And Clancy of the Overflow came down to lend a hand, No better horseman ever held the reins; For never horse could throw him while the saddle-girths would stand, He learnt to ride while droving on the plains.
    And one was there, a stripling on a small and weedy beast, He was something like a racehorse undersized, With a touch of Timor pony -- three parts thoroughbred at least -- And such as are by mountain horsemen prized. He was hard and tough and wiry -- just the sort that won't say die -- There was courage in his quick impatient tread; And he bore the badge of gameness in his bright and fiery eye, And the proud and lofty carriage of his head.
    But still so slight and weedy, one would doubt his power to stay, And the old man said, "That horse will never do For a long and tiring gallop -- lad, you'd better stop away, Those hills are far too rough for such as you." So he waited sad and wistful -- only Clancy stood his friend -- "I think we ought to let him come," he said; "I warrant he'll be with us when he's wanted at the end, For both his horse and he are mountain bred."
    "He hails from Snowy River, up by Kosciusko's side, Where the hills are twice as steep and twice as rough, Where a horse's hoofs strike firelight from the flint stones every stride, The man that holds his own is good enough. And the Snowy River riders on the mountains make their home, Where the river runs those giant hills between; I have seen full many horsemen since I first commenced to roam, But nowhere yet such horsemen have I seen."
    So he went -- they found the horses by the big mimosa clump -- They raced away towards the mountain's brow, And the old man gave his orders, "Boys, go at them from the jump, No use to try for fancy riding now. And, Clancy, you must wheel them, try and wheel them to the right. Ride boldly, lad, and never fear the spills, For never yet was rider that could keep the mob in sight, If once they gain the shelter of those hills."
    So Clancy rode to wheel them -- he was racing on the wing Where the best and boldest riders take their place, And he raced his stock-horse past them, and he made the ranges ring With the stockwhip, as he met them face to face. Then they halted for a moment, while he swung the dreaded lash, But they saw their well-loved mountain full in view, And they charged beneath the stockwhip with a sharp and sudden dash, And off into the mountain scrub they flew.
    Then fast the horsemen followed, where the gorges deep and black Resounded to the thunder of their tread, And the stockwhips woke the echoes, and they fiercely answered back From cliffs and crags that beetled overhead. And upward, ever upward, the wild horses held their way, Where mountain ash and kurrajong grew wide; And the old man muttered fiercely, "We may bid the mob good day, No man can hold them down the other side."
    When they reached the mountain's summit, even Clancy took a pull, It well might make the boldest hold their breath, The wild hop scrub grew thickly, and the hidden ground was full Of wombat holes, and any slip was death. But the man from Snowy River let the pony have his head, And he swung his stockwhip round and gave a cheer, And he raced him down the mountain like a torrent down its bed, While the others stood and watched in very fear.
    He sent the flint stones flying, but the pony kept his feet, He cleared the fallen timber in his stride, And the man from Snowy River never shifted in his seat -- It was grand to see that mountain horseman ride. Through the stringy barks and saplings, on the rough and broken ground, Down the hillside at a racing pace he went; And he never drew the bridle till he landed safe and sound, At the bottom of that terrible descent.
    He was right among the horses as they climbed the further hill, And the watchers on the mountain standing mute, Saw him ply the stockwhip fiercely, he was right among them still, As he raced across the clearing in pursuit. Then they lost him for a moment, where two mountain gullies met In the ranges, but a final glimpse reveals On a dim and distant hillside the wild horses racing yet, With the man from Snowy River at their heels.
    And he ran them single-handed till their sides were white with foam. He followed like a bloodhound on their track, Till they halted cowed and beaten, then he turned their heads for home, And alone and unassisted brought them back. But his hardy mountain pony he could scarcely raise a trot, He was blood from hip to shoulder from the spur; But his pluck was still undaunted, and his courage fiery hot, For never yet was mountain horse a cur.

She was Truganini and the last. All her tribe were in the past. Her children stole by "whitefella boss," And one child soon a final loss.

A Stolen Generation Cries Out

By Michael Perry, Reuter 20 May 1997

SYDNEY, May 20 - Haunting voices of elderly Aborigines tell of babies being snatched from their mother's breast by police on horseback in Australia's outback.
Black and white film shows rows of Aboriginal children with empty faces, dressed in striped uniforms reminiscent of Nazi concentration camps, and others bent over sweeping the dirt with their bare hands.
The Australian Archives exhibition travelling the country titled "Between Two Worlds" reveals a dark chapter in Australia's past when it attempted to breed out Aborigines.
Tens of thousands of Aboriginal children were forcibly taken from their parents under a government policy of assimilation from the 1880s to the 1960s. Those children are called the "Stolen Generation" or "People of the Bleaching."
"It clearly was attempted genocide," Sir Ronald Wilson, president of Australia's Human Rights Commission, told Reuters. "It was believed that the Aboriginal people would die out."


Today, thousands of Aborigines face a life of family breakdowns, drug and alcohol abuse, violence and mental anguish they say is directly linked to being taken from their parents.
Social Justice Commissioner Mick Dodson has just completed a year-long national inquiry into the Stolen Generation and he, too, said it was an attempt at genocide.
Dodson's report is now before the government and is expected to formally charge Australia with attempted genocide and call for an apology and compensation, possibly millions of dollars.
"Certainly an apology is a very good beginning in healing what is a real sore, a real wound in the Australian pysche," said Aboriginal leader Dodson. "There's this huge scar that we have to perhaps re-open in order to heal."
Joy Williams is a Stolen Generation child. Her mother Dora was taken away when she was 10 hours old, Joy was taken at seven hours and Joy's daughter Julie Anne at 10 months. The only reason ever given was the colour of their skin.
"How do you assist a nation of people who are grieving because this policy affected every Aboriginal community in Australia?" demands Williams, one of hundreds of Aborigines suing Australia's national and state governments. "You have a nation in mourning and nothing is being done," Williams said angrily.
ABORIGINAL CHILD SLAVES Many Aboriginal children were raised on government and church missions in remote, outback locations where life was tough and sexual abuse widespread.
Wilson said Aboriginal children were used as virtual slaves and one in 10 were sexually assaulted. "The children would be stripped naked and tied to a post in the yard to be flogged for some minor misdemeanour," he said.
"We have had mothers say to us, 'I'm a rotten mother. I don't know how to cuddle my baby', and then add, 'The only time I have ever been cuddled was when I was being raped'." Australia's churches have apologised for their part in what they say was a Nazi-style policy of assimilation. They admit their role was was to break the Aboriginal spirit. "People believed that if we were going to make good Catholics or Christians out of the Aboriginal people we had to take them away from what we would have seen as pagan influences...," said Catholic Bishop Pat Power. Dodson said Aboriginal Australia is today dysfunctional as a result, with family breakdowns endemic and drug and aclohol abuse widespread. Aboriginal juveniles are 30 times more likely to be jailed and also suffer the country's highest suicide rate.
"Every story is its own little tragedy, that amount to a national tragedy," Dodson said. "They were told 'your parents are dead, your mother's a drunk, your mother's a whore, your mother's no good, she doesn't want you'."


Archie Roach, a leading Aboriginal musician, is a Stolen Generation child who has searched all his life for his identity.
"I don't remember much because I was only three, but I do remember running with my cousin down to the river and hiding in the bracken and under sticks," Roach said.
As a child Roach was sent to several white foster homes -- one family forced him to eat raw potatoes and sleep in the grain shed. He only discovered he was Aboriginal at 11, and at 14 his lost sister wrote him a letter saying his mother had died. "I don't know what my mother looks like," Roach said. For years Roach lived on the streets searching for his (family).
Aboriginal people have moved up in the world. Some of them now have their own houses. Many have their own gaol cell they can share with three or four of their mates.
Embarrassment … Blanche Ross, 80, at her daughter's house. She did not want to show her own home.'t+take+your+love+to+town.+ginibi&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=oJ_Li9UvDB&sig=m7Kb05cerwSnvjvQLJFBqqPuDpY&hl=en&ei=ZoMHSrOLIJCOtgOCvPnxAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=re book by Ruby Langford Ginibi

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Daisy Bates.
Daisy bates and a group of women circa 1911.
File:Daisy may bates.jpg

free university lectures online and paste on Google search)

Those people who think they know everything are a great annoyance to those of us who do. (Isaac Asimov)


جوس اند عربس ار بيج ذي برفت وص above:Shearing of the Rams by Tom Roberts.
The Bushwackers Band - Shores Of Botany Bay3:18
1940 Australian Troops in the Desert 3 min - 2 Jul 2008 Uploaded by skoblinI
The Desert Rats Theatrical Trailer Video!! 3 min - 28 Jul 2009 Uploaded by libyathebest
Shores of Botany Bay.
click photo.

Boer war (Sth African) War Memorial

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see this acrobat girl video. she is the best!

scroll down the page to see the video.
also these cute hula dancers

illust: Marion Westmacott ©ANBG
driving sydney roads, you tube time-lapse.
Australia's Red Centre, time-lapse.
Tokyo rush hour.
kangaroo versus dingo
Cooke, Edward William, 1811-1880. Prison-ship in Portsmouth Harbour, convicts going aboard [picture]
Prison Hulk holding prisoners to be sent to Sydney Cove.
First Fleet Marine's, Ship's crews and officials in one spot
Settlement (European) began 26th January 1788 here in a place described as
" The closest thing to hell with out being There"

Tie me kangaroo down on the barbie.When he stops jumping, the steaks's ready.

Tie Me Kangaroo Down Sport - Sang by Rolf Harris 02:59

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Have a beer, mate! We got barbecued crocodile on the menu tomorrow and gutted galah on Wednesday. All kinds of tucker for the sophisticated bushie. DEAD SNAKE SNACK BAR, King's Bloody Cross.
Dedicated to William Nash and Maria Haynes, First Fleet arrivals to Sydney Cove, 1788.

( You did a good job, gr gr gr gr grandma, and grandpa)

above: Braidwood, N.S.W. where my father Hector Williams was born

in Feb, 1909.

Sarah Williams (nee Nash) first generation daughter of William Nash and Maria Haynes.
Prince of Wales, the ship of the fleet William and Maria came on.
...................................................... Scream
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June 04, 2013


Move elephants into Australia, scientist proposes

Feb. 1, 2012
Courtesy of Nature
and World Science staff

Aus­tral­ia may need an in­fu­sion of ele­phants and oth­er large mam­mals to solve its per­sist­ent ec­o­log­i­cal and wild­fire prob­lems, a sci­ent­ist pro­poses.

Ecol­o­gist Da­vid Bow­man of the Uni­vers­ity of Tas­ma­nia in Aus­tral­ia cites out-of-con­trol fires and bur­geon­ing fe­ral-animal popula­t­ions as quan­daries af­flict­ing the Land Down Un­der. Both could be solved by in­tro­duc­ing large mam­mals, as well as pay­ing ab­o­rig­i­nal hunters to con­trol the fe­ral an­i­mals and re­store the old prac­tice of patch burn­ing, he ar­gues. Patch burn­ing is a form of con­trolled burn­ing in­tend­ed to clean out and re­new bio­lo­gical re­sources.

“I real­ize that there are ma­jor risks as­so­ci­at­ed with what I am propos­ing,” as any tin­ker­ing with the en­vi­ron­ment can lead to un­planned con­se­quenc­es, said Bow­ma­n. “But the usu­al ap­proaches to ma­n­ag­ing these is­sues aren’t work­ing.”

Bow­man de­scribes his idea in this week’s is­sue of the re­search jour­nalNa­ture.

Feb. 7 will mark the three-year an­ni­ver­sa­ry of “Black Sat­ur­day,” when nearly 200 peo­ple died in a mas­sive fire­storm in south­ern Aus­tral­ia. Fires are a con­stant con­cern in the con­ti­nent, said Bow­ma­n, but so are its thriv­ing popula­t­ions of fe­ral pigs, camels, hors­es and cat­tle, among oth­ers.

Bow­man pro­poses to ma­n­age Aus­tral­ia’s trou­bled ec­o­sys­tem by in­tro­duc­ing beasts such as ele­phants, rhi­noc­er­os and even Ko­modo drag­ons. These would help con­sume flam­ma­ble grasses and con­trol fe­ral-animal popula­t­ions, he ar­gues.

The larg­est liv­ing land mam­mal na­tive to Aus­tral­ia is the red kan­ga­roo, which as an adult weighs about as much as an av­er­age ma­n. Larg­er mam­mals used to roam the con­ti­nent—such as a hippo-sized mar­su­pi­al re­lat­ed to the wom­bat and called di­pro­to­don, from the Great Ice Age—but they are no more.

The de­lib­er­ate in­tro­duc­tion by hu­ma­ns of po­pu­lations of over­sized, non-na­tive mam­mals to a new conti­nent would be un­prec­e­dent­ed in modern times. One group, though, has pro­posed in­tro­duc­ing large Af­ri­can mam­mals in­to the Great Plains of the Un­ited States, for some­what diff­erent rea­sons than those moti­vating Bow­man.

Australian Outback Photo Gallery

Australian National Ballet

Queensland: Birdsville
4 min - 19 Aug 2009


Carol Baxter is my distant cousin. She has not directly contributed to this weblog, and has not ever in fact acknowledged its existence, but because of the valuable information I received from reading her website about our family, I am very indebted to her.
Another family website helped me considerably. This was "Our Williams Story" by another distant cousin, Kieran Williams
Our Williams Story
I am heartened by the many emerging websites about the descendants of William Nash and Maria Haynes.
Then there are the many threads from Monaro Pioneers.
Thank you for all the sources.
I am hoping that when I am no longer able to continue (being nearly 79) that someone else wll pick up the ball and continue my blog.Of course I have included my political views and my non-religious attitudes because they are part of me and readers do not have to accept them, but may actually learn a little from them.



Monaro Pioneers newsletter

illust: Marion Westmacott ©ANBG

The view west from Geilston Bay.Tas.July, to enlarge.

new look at aussie historyYoda looks tough over the orchestra.
Cobb and co. coach out of Ballarat.

very top...Painting of original first fleet leaving England in 1787 (Jonathan King) public radio stations

This site works best with Chrome or Firefox.

descendants of John Williams sen.

The Bushwackers Band - Shores Of Botany Bay

put in any address and this map will find it.
early pioneer photos ,

William Nash came to Australia as a Marine with the First Fleet 1788
William and Mariah's first child, William, was baptised on Sunday 25th May 1788
A wedding was celebrated at St Phillip's, Sydney, on 13 February 1789, between William Nash, a marine, and Maria Haynes, a convict, in the presence of Elizabeth Gratten and Samuel Barnes (Chaplain's clerk)
Mariah Haynes is not listed in John Cobley's 'Crimes of the First Fleet Convicts'
By 1803 William & Maria had separated, and she took the children with her. Maria later became associated with two other men, Robert Guy and in 1816, with William Neale.

6 Children1. William Nash born on 25 May 1788, buried on Friday 19th June 1789, a marine's child.
2. John Nash baptised 15 Jan 1792 (a family source names him William)
3. Mary Nash born 2 March 1793 and baptised 2 April
4. William Nash born 27 March 1795 and baptised 4 May
5. George Nash born 26 July 1797
6. Sarah Nash was born 16 Nov 1798
6. Sarah Nash 16 Nov 1798 wed on the 15th January 1814 at St John's, Parramatta, to John Williams (a convict), 13 children

On 25th April 2010 Stephen Hawking, leading academic and cosmologist, told the Sunday Times: “We only have to look at ourselves to see how intelligent life might develop into something we wouldn’t want to meet. I imagine they might exist in massive ships, having used up all the resources from their home planet. Such advanced aliens would perhaps become nomads, looking to conquer and colonise whatever planets they can reach.” He also points out that making contact with aliens could be very risky, stating: “If aliens ever visit us, I think the outcome would be much as when Christopher Columbus first landed in America, which didn’t turn out very well for the Native Americans.”

http://www.timeanddate Home

Date and time.



(below:) Convicts on way to 14 years penal servitude in Botany Bay. England's loss was Australia's gain. Most had committed crimes that would get them now only a fine.

Crimes of the Old Bailey.
Wallace Street and Corner Store, Braidwood
late 19th century. My father Hector Griscom Williams was born in nearby Araluen in 1909.
Saltwater crocodiles
2:03Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace.

scroll down for regional newspapers.

Date and time Vancouver B.C.
Disrupt - Religion is a Fraud
3 min - 12 Sep 2008
Uploaded by mrnetosanchez666
Church of Scientology -Fraud and Religion
4 min - 27 Dec 2009
Uploaded by reflect7

John Kerswell: A Welsh plasterer transported in 1828 at the age of 20 years to 15 years for stealing. Absconding four times and charged with being drunk three times, granted ToL in 1856 and Conditional Pardon in 1857. However, he received 20 years imprisonment for attempting to stab a policeman. He was released from Port Arthur in 1875.

William Forster: At age 17 years was transported for ten years for stealing a box writing desk. Misdemeanour followed misdemeanour and sentence added to sentence until in 1864 he was sentnenced to life for robbery under arms. The last mention of him is in 1872 when he was sent to the Separate Prison for misconduct.

Alexander Woods: A soldier with the 17th Regiment, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Woods (aged 30) was transported from Canada to Port Arthur for 14 years for desertion.
Returned to Hobart with a ToL in 1853 but returned to PA again in 1865 for 15 years for burglary. He was a church attendant in 1869 and was discharged in 1875.

ow ya goin' mate? Orright, eh?

Ric Williams, blog editor Home

Welcome. If you disagree, tell me. Then I'll tell you why you're wrong.

Eureka Stockade Animated flag (Australia)australian flag pictureAboriginal Animated flag (Australia)

u tube Australia.

On a Sydney train
u tube Australia
kite surfing Australia
Kings cross Sydney
Steve Irwin crocodile clips
komodo dragon
curious street title

Gropecunt Lane

Gropecunt Lane was a name used in Oxford, London and other Englishtowns and cities in the Middle Ages for streets where prostitutes conducted their business. The name derives from cunt, the Middle English term forfemale genitalia, and the act of groping. There was also a Gropecunt Lane inDublin, Ireland near where the Savoy Cinema is now. Later sensibilities changed many names of streets bearing this name to more polite variations.

In London, the street that was Gropecunt Lane was near the present-day site of the Barbican Centre in the City of London. The street was called Grub Street in the 18th century, but renamed Milton Street in 1830 . Another street with a similar history in Southwark is Horselydown Lane ("whores lie down"), which is just to the south of Tower Bridge, and was also the site of the famousAnchor Brewhouse.

Discovery Channel science:

first Australians



First Australians Watch Online Now!

A new
on the history of Australia
First Australians

Sydney slums of the 40's.

Short history of Australia
Butcher's shop Ballarat circa 1890.

ow ya goin' mate? Orright, eh?

Ric Williams, blog editor.

Welcome. Give your considered opinion , ideas , stories, photos etc about early pioneer Australia.. Ric Williams

medical advice

Australian videos online free.

vancouver time-lapse.

Hang-gliding at Stanwell Tops, Australia.

Comedian on Religion (F word is used)


Views of Braidwood environs, Eden-Monaro. Here were various pioneer holdings of the Williams Family and relatives.

Overlooking Braidwood from the foothills of Mt Gillamatong
Braidwood Old Style Charm
BIG SURF Bells BeachAustralia (HD)
3 min - 14 Jun 2009
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Official: Bondi Beach Gets Flipped! Towel ...
2 min - 3 Nov 2009
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Snow Gums, Southern Alps.

Old houses West End Vancouver B.C.

Read Dallas Darling and other prominent thinkers.

(Dallas Darling is the author of Politics 501: An A-Z Reading on Conscientious Political Thought and Action, Some Nations Above God: 52 Weekly Reflections On Modern-Day Imperialism, Militarism, And Consumerism in the Context of John's Apocalyptic Vision, and The Other Side Of Christianity: Reflections on Faith, Politics, Spirituality, History, and Peace. He is a correspondent for You can read more of Dallas' writings at and
Congressman Paul Ryan
Professor Niall Ferguson of Harvard (video)

The Aussie Attitude to religion.

Female Convicts Rebelling, Mooning - bushrangers photo
Call me (Canada) 1* 604 800 5017
Or email me

ic W

illiams, blog editor.

Welcome. Give your considered opinion, ideas , stories, photos etc about early pioneer Australia.. Ric Williams

Mongolia's wild horses.

hillbilly dances a jig with jug of beer animated gif

A press for fruit and grapes is useful for those making alcohol from a fruit ... Then I bring them to a boil and mash them with a potato masher untill ALL ...
May 29, 2009 ... Vodka is made from potatoes in the process of enzymatic conversion when the yeast ferments the sugars into ethanol.
Feb 21, 2010 ... Making alcohol is so easy just follow ...

(above) Sydney Harbour today.
(below)Sydney Cove 1788. Older Posts
visual history of the world

Go away, whitefella! This bin blackfella country.


View of Harbour...Cassis France.

Lolita, my heartthrob of the 60's.

Below: Light of my life, fire of my loins... The image that will never age: "Lolita"

(Stanley Kubrick, 1962).


We come in Third with Williams.


is a patronymic form of the name William that originated in medieval England[2] and later came to be extremely popular in Wales. The meaning is derived from son or descendant of Guillemin, the French form of William. Derived from an Old French given name with Germanicelements; will = desire, will; and helm = helmet, protection.[3] It is the second most common surname in Wales and the third most common surname in the whole of the United Kingdom, the third most common in the United States of America and Australia and the fifth most common inNew Zealand.[4]

Old Harry Williams was asked how was it that the long list of Williams lead by far those of Nash over the last couple of hundred years.

"Well, let's see.Them Nashes they was more posh and they kept the family bible, so we lot had nothing to read at night.There was no T.V. in them days, and we didn't want to waste candles, so we used to all jump in bed together and make more Williams's."


Statistics are drawn from Australian government records of 2007.[1]

NASH 4487persons

have name Nash in Australia
#NameNumber of people

Australia. The first fleet sailed from England in 1787 carrying marine William Nash and his common law wife Maria Haynes. They were the progenitors of an extensive Nash family in Australia. Another early settler was Andrew Nash. He had acquired the Woolpack Inn in Parramatta in 1821 and became well-known for the prowess of his racehorses. A later settler from Wiltshire was James Nash. He discovered gold along the Mary river in Queenland and helped precipitate the second Australian gold rush.

There were also Nash convicts in Australia. Some thrived; Robert Nash, transported on the Albemarle in 1791; John Nash on the Eleanor in 1831; and Michael Nash from Limerick, on the Rodney in 1851.

You are not just you. are not just you. You are a community of trillions of cells and at least 100 trillion microbes acting as a community.
Physics of the Impossible - by Michio Kaku.PDFPhysics of the Impossible - by Michio Kaku.PDF
2981K View Download

Videos for physics of the impossible...michio kaku

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List of Australian Newspapers.


This is my niece in the Philippines who
needs serious attention from some sincere young man.

Neither here nor there.

If a man was on an escalator, but walking back down it and the elevator was located in a revolving restaurant on a large airliner going in a southerly direction and the earth was revolving on its axis and at the same time was travelling in an elliptical path around the sun, which was travelling around the galaxy, which was many movements was the man travelling in?

Wild man of North Australia.

I met Michael (Tarzan) Fomenko(shown here at 81 years) son of a Russian Princess when I was 18 and he was twenty. He was a handsome young man. I was in love with his sister Nina Fomenko, who was gracious to me but held my ardour at arms' length. In later years I met her in North Queensland where she and her husband Brian Patrick Donnellan were cutting cane. They had no mattress to sleep on, so I bought them one. Nina was always beautiful. (Ric)

Toonoom Falls
Situated in the heart of Royal National Park to the south of Sydney, Toonoum Falls is a pretty, 5 metre high waterfall alongside Sir Bertram Steven Drive not far from the Garie turnoff. The photo shows the falls in flood.
Location: Royal National Park.

In the fifties, I lived close to here in a rock shelter once used by Aborigines. I used to swim in this creek a little further down the hill. My family thought I was crazy and I probably was, but life here on the edge of the National Park was idyllic if you could bear the flies, mosquitoes, snakes and centipedes.. (Ric)

Aussie Little Nasties.
HMS Sirius, the main Naval ship with the First Fleet, under Captain John Hunter RN. Had been built in 1780 as Berwick for the East Indies run, badly burned in a fire, and rebuilt by Navy, renamed Sirius, finally wrecked off Norfolk Island on the 14th. of April 1790

HMS Sirius, the main Naval ship with the First Fleet, under Captain John Hunter RN.
Had been built in 1780 as Berwick for the East Indies run, badly burned in a fire, and rebuilt by Navy, renamed Sirius, finally wrecked off Norfolk Island on the 14th. of April 1790.

Freethought Radio.
media channel,

australian flag picture highlight Aboriginal Animated flag (Australia)Eureka Stockade Animated flag (Australia)

*The Australian Lyre Bird is the world's best imitator; able to mimic the calls of 15 different species of birds in their locality and string the calls into a melody. Also been known to mimic the sound mobile phones.

*The echidna is such a unique animal that it is classified in a special class of mammals known asmonotremes, which it shares only with the platypus. The echidna lays eggs like a duck but suckles its young in a pouch like a kangaroo. For no apparent reason, it may decide to conserve energy by dropping its body temperature to 4 degrees and remain at that temperature from 4 to 120 days. Lab experiments have shown that the echidna is more intelligent that a cat and it has been seen using its spikes, feet and beaks to climb up crevices like a mountaineer edging up a rock chimney.

*Purple wallaby - The Purple-neck Rock Wallaby [Petrogale Purpureicollis], inhabits the Mt Isa region in Northwest Queensland. The Wallaby secretes a dye that transforms its face and neck into colours ranging from light pink to bright purple.

*The Fierce Snake or Inland Taipan has the most toxic venom of any snake. Maximum yield recorded (for one bite) is 110mg. That would probably be enough to kill over 100 people or 250,000 mice.

*The Wombat deposits square poos on logs, rocks and even upright sticks that it uses tomark its territory.

*A 10kg Tasmanian Devil is able to exert the same biting pressure as a 40kg dog. It can also eat almost a third of its body weight in a single feeding.

*Australia is the smallest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent in the world. It is the only country which is also a whole continent.

*Over 90% of Australia is dry, flat and arid. Almost three-quarters of the land cannot support agriculture in any form.

*A baby kangaroo at the time of its birth measures 2 centimetres.

birth of joey

*Kangaroos need very little water to survive and are capable of going for months without drinking at all. When they do need water, they dig 'wells' for themselves; frequently going as deep as three or four feet. These 'kangaroo pits' are a common source of water for other animals living in the kangaroo's environment.

Kangaroo attacks dog, man. ^

*A kangaroo being chased by a dog may jump into a dam. If the dog gives chase, the kangaroo may turn towards the dog, then use its paws to push the dogs head underwater in order to drown it.

*Emus and kangaroos cannot walk backwards, and are on the Australian coat of arms for that reason.

*A monotreme is a animal that lays eggs and suckles its young. The world's only monotremes are the platypus and the echidna.

*The male platypus has a poisonous spine that can kill a dog and inflict immense pain on a human.

*When a specimen of the platypus was first sent to England, it was believed the Australians had played a joke by sewing the bill of a duck onto a rat.

*Box Jelly fish - The box jellyfish is considered the world's most venomous marine creature. The box jellyfish has killed more people in Australia than stonefish, sharks and crocodiles combined.

*The Sydney Funnelweb spider is considered the world's most deadly spider. It is the only spider that has killed people in less than 2 hours. Its fangs are powerful enough to bite through gloves and fingernails. The only animals without immunity to the funnelweb's venom are humans and monkeys.

*Lung fish - Queensland is home to lung fish, a living fossil from the Triassic period 350 million years ago.


*It is estimated that by the time transportation ended in 1868, 40 per cent of Australia's English-speaking population were convicts.
*A census taken in 1828 found that half the population of NSW were Convicts, and that former Convicts made up nearly half of the free population.

*In 2007, it was estimated that 22 per cent of living Australians had a convict ancestor.

*Convicts were not sent to Australia for serious crimes. Serious crimes, such as murder, rape, or impersonating an Egyptian were given the death sentence in England.

*Crimes punishable by transportation included recommending that politicians get paid, starting a union, stealing fish from a river or pond, embezzlement, receiving or buying stolen goods, setting fire to underwood, petty theft, or being suspected of supporting Irish terrorism.

* Alcohol- It has been reported that the first European settlers in Australia drank more alcohol per head of population than any other community in the history of mankind.

* Police force - Australia's first police force was a band of 12 of the most well behaved Convicts.

* Mass moonings - In 1832, 300 female Convicts at the Cascade Female Factory mooned the Governor of Tasmania during a chapel service. It was said that in a "rare moment of collusion with the Convict women, the ladies in the Governor's party could not control their laughter.

Photo of the arrival of the Lady Juliana at Sydney Cove.

The arrival of the Lady Juliana at Sydney Cove.

Photo of Ann Marsh managing her company, the Parramatta River Boat Service.

Ann Marsh managing her company, the Parramatta River Boat Service.

Living in a Quantum World
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God & the Origin of Life: Myth of the Organic ...
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George Carlin

World conflict map. Atheist Empire.

Atheist Empire

Street views Australia

Web Link: Google unveils Street View across Australia Link opens in new browser window

aboriginal culture

The Aspect changes man's scientific beliefs to unproven suppositions.

aussie comedy



Astronomy picture of the day.(press)

In the Shadow of Saturn